IPv6地址分析


之前分享过一个关于国内三大运营商IPv6地址段分配的文件(IPv6地址段分配情况(部分)),看了下还是有很多评论的,并且很多伙伴说这个数据非常有用。

我一直在纠结IPv6在国际上是怎么分配的,我国分配到了50286个/32地址段(2019年6月,含港澳台),那么又是哪些地址段呢。网上的很多博客文章上面只说IPv6是什么,什么样的格式,但是都没有具体说是哪些IP段,因此,本人收集了很多数据,并对部分数据做了统计,在此分享给大家。

说明:这些资料是根据已有数据统计的,不保证数据准确性,不含港澳台。 如需查询IP,可到 https://linzening.gitee.io/pages/ipv6/query.html?flag=jekyllpage 查询。

一、国际IPv6地址分配

IPv6全球单播地址为2000::/3,即2000:: - 3fff:ffff。目前,IPv6已分配 2000::/4 ,其中各区域分配如下

(1)2000::/8 主要是IPv6互联网前期分配,在全球各地均有分配使用
(2)2400::/8 主要由APNIC管理(亚太互联网络信息中心)
(3)2600::/8 主要由ARIN管理(美洲互联网号码注册管机构)
(4)2800::/8 主要由LACNIC管理(拉丁美洲和加勒比地区互联网地址注册管理机构)
(5)2a00::/8 主要由RIPE管理(欧洲互联网络信息中心)
(6)2c00::/8 主要由AfriNIC管理(非洲互联网络信息中心)

二、国内IPv6地址大段

网段运营商掩码位IP数量(/32)
240e::/18中国电信(201812增加后3段)1816384
2408:8000::/20中国联通(201205)204096
2409:8000::/20中国移动(201108)204096
240a:c000::/20中国石油化工集团有限公司(201808)204096
240c:c000::/20中国教育网(201901)204096
240a:4000::/21中国广播电视网络有限公司(201712)212048
240a:8000::/21中国铁通(移动)(201301)212048
240b:8000::/21中国经济信息网(201308)212048
240c:8000::/21中国石油天然气集团公司(201409)212048
240d:4000::/21赛尔新技术(北京)有限公司(201902)212048
2408:4000::/22阿里云计算有限公司(201512)221024
240c:4000::/22北京百度网讯科技有限公司(201811)221024
240d:8000::/24交通运输部公路科学研究院(201502)24256
240f:4000::/24深圳市腾讯计算机系统有限公司(201907)24256
240f:8000::/24亚马逊通技术服务(北京)有限公司(201504)24256
240f:c000::/24北京京东叁佰陆拾度电子商务有限公司(20190917)24256
2400:dd00::/28科技网(CSTNET,201105)2816
240c::/28北京天地互连信息技术有限公司(200807)2816
2001:4510::/29长城(200601)298
2400:a980::/29赛尔新技术(北京)298
2406:cf00::/30北京天地祥云科技有限公司304
2001:250::/31教育网(高校)312
2001:da8::/31教育网(高校)312
2403:800::/31中国南方电网有限责任公司(200808)312
240b:4000::/22阿里云新加坡(20181015)221024

三、大段拥有数

掩码位数量(个)本段IP数(/32)IP数(/32)
1811638416384.00
204409616384.00
215204810240.00
22210242048.00
243256768.00
2821632.00
294832.00
30144.00
31326.00
32166311663.00
3380.54.00
3470.251.75
3570.1250.88
3670.06250.44
3750.031250.16
3880.0156250.13
  总计:47568.34

四、教育网高校分配(部分)

地区省份开始IP段结束IP段
中国陕西省CERNET西北地区网络中心2001:250:1000::2001:250:1000:ffff::
中国甘肃省甘肃省2001:250:1400::2001:250:14ff:ffff::
中国四川省四川省2001:250:2000::/402001:250:20ff:ffff::
中国重庆市重庆市2001:250:2400::/402001:250:24ff:ffff::
中国云南省云南省2001:250:2800::/402001:250:28ff:ffff::
中国贵州省贵州省2001:250:2c00::/402001:250:2cff:ffff::
中国西藏区西藏区2001:250:2e00::/402001:250:2eff:ffff::

五、中国联通国内分配(部分)

所属IP段地区运营商开始IP结束IP
2408:8200::/24全国联通城域网2408:8000:1000::2408:8000:1fff:ffff::
2408:8200::/24全国中国联通公众宽带2408:8200::2408:82ff:ffff:ffff::
2408:8400::/24全国中国联通LTE2408:8400::2408:84ff:ffff:ffff::
2408:8700::/24全国中国联通IDC2408:8700::2408:87ff:ffff:ffff::

六、中国移动

所属IP段地区运营商开始IP结束IP
2409:8000::/24北京市移动城域网2409:8000::2409:8001:ffff:ffff::
2409:8100::/24北京市未使用2409:8100::2409:86ff:ffff:ffff::
2409:8700::/32北京市移动政企专线2409:8700::2409:87ff:ffff:ffff::
2409:8900::/32北京市LTE网络2409:8900::2409:89ff:ffff:ffff::
2409:8a00::/32北京市移动公众宽带2409:8a00::2409:8aff:ffff:ffff::
2409:8c00::/32北京市中国移动IDC2409:8c00::2409:8cff:ffff:ffff::

七、中国电信

所属IP段地区运营商开始IP结束IP
240e::/26全国电信骨干网、城域网240e::240e:3f:ffff:ffff::
240e:40:/26全国电信业务平台240e:40::240e:7f:ffff:ffff::
240e:80:/25全国综合网络240e:80::240e:ff:ffff:ffff::
240e:100:/24全国应用网络240e:100::240e:1ff:ffff:ffff::
240e:200:/24全国应用网络240e:100::240e:1ff:ffff:ffff::
240e:300:/24全国电信公众宽带240e:300::240e:3ff:ffff:ffff::
240e:600:/23全国电信政企专线240e:600::240e:7ff:ffff:ffff::
240e:900:/24全国电信IDC240e:100::240e:1ff:ffff:ffff::
240e:a00:/22全国未使用240e:a00::240e:fff:ffff:ffff::
240e:1000:/22全国未使用240e:1000::240e:1fff:ffff:ffff::
240e:2000:/22全国未使用240e:2000::240e:2fff:ffff:ffff::
240e:3000:/22全国未使用240e:3000::240e:3fff:ffff:ffff::

八、云厂商IPv6地址记录

所属IP段云厂商地区开始IP结束IP
2400:3200::/32阿里云杭州2400:3200::2400:3200:ffff:ffff::
2400:b200::/32阿里云蚂蚁金服2400:b200::2400:b200:ffff:ffff::
2408:4000::/32阿里云北京2408:4000::2408:4000:ffff:ffff::
2408:4001::/32阿里云河北张家口2408:4001::2408:4001:ffff:ffff::
2408:4002::/32阿里云上海2408:4002::2408:4002:ffff:ffff::
2408:4003::/32阿里云深圳2408:4003::2408:4003:ffff:ffff::
2408:4004::/32阿里云呼和浩特2408:4004::2408:4004:ffff:ffff::
2408:4005::/32阿里云未知2408:4005::2408:4005:ffff:ffff::
2408:400a::/32阿里云北京2408:400a::2408:400a:ffff:ffff::
240b:4001::/32阿里云香港(新加坡)240b:4001::240b:4001:ffff:ffff::
2402:4e00::/32腾讯云北京2402:4e00::2402:4e00:ffff:ffff::
2402:e7c0::/32青云北京、深圳、上海2402:e7c0::2402:e7c0:ffff:ffff::
2407:c080::/32华为北京2407:c080::2407:c080:ffff:ffff::
240c:4082::/32百度云北京240c:4082::240c:4082:ffff:ffff::
2401:1d40::/32金山云北京、上海、广州2401:1d40::2401:1d40:ffff:ffff::
2401:3480::/32优刻得上海2401:3480::2401:3480:ffff:ffff::
240f:c000::/32京东北京240f:c000::240f:c0ff:ffff:ffff::
2404:de80::/32硅云香港2404:de80::2404:de80:ffff:ffff::
2400:5280::/32美团云北京2400:5280::2400:5280:ffff:ffff::
2400:89c0::/32新浪北京2400:89c0::2400:89c0:ffff:ffff::

九、地方IPv6分配规则

以贵州省为例,其中中国移动公众宽带、移动LTE网络、中国联通公众宽带、中国电信公众宽带为该规则

序号地区中国移动公众宽带IP块移动LTE网络中国联通公众宽带IP块中国电信公众宽带
1中国贵州省贵阳市南明区2409:8a6a::/392409:896a::/392408:826a::/39240e:338::/39
2中国贵州省贵阳市云岩区2409:8a6a:200::/392409:896a:200::/392408:826a:200::/39240e:338:200::/39
3中国贵州省贵阳市花溪区2409:8a6a:400::/392409:896a:400::/392408:826a:400::/39240e:338:400::/39
4中国贵州省贵阳市乌当区2409:8a6a:600::/392409:896a:600::/392408:826a:600::/39240e:338:600::/39
5中国贵州省贵阳市白云区2409:8a6a:800::/392409:896a:800::/392408:826a:800::/39240e:338:800::/39
6中国贵州省贵阳市观山湖区2409:8a6a:a00::/392409:896a:a00::/392408:826a:a00::/39240e:338:a00::/39
7中国贵州省贵阳市清镇市2409:8a6a:c00::/392409:896a:c00::/392408:826a:c00::/39240e:338:c00::/39
8中国贵州省贵阳市开阳县2409:8a6a:e00::/392409:896a:e00::/392408:826a:e00::/39240e:338:e00::/39
9中国贵州省贵阳市息烽县2409:8a6a:1000::/392409:896a:1000::/392408:826a:1000::/39240e:338:1000::/39
10中国贵州省贵阳市修文县2409:8a6a:1200::/392409:896a:1200::/392408:826a:1200::/39240e:338:1200::/39
11中国贵州省六盘水市钟山区2409:8a6a:1400::/392409:896a:1400::/392408:826a:1400::/39240e:338:1400::/39
12中国贵州省六盘水市六枝特区2409:8a6a:1600::/392409:896a:1600::/392408:826a:1600::/39240e:338:1600::/39
13中国贵州省六盘水市水城县2409:8a6a:1800::/392409:896a:1800::/392408:826a:1800::/39240e:338:1800::/39
14中国贵州省六盘水市盘州市2409:8a6a:1a00::/392409:896a:1a00::/392408:826a:1a00::/39240e:338:1a00::/39
15中国贵州省遵义市红花岗区2409:8a6a:1c00::/392409:896a:1c00::/392408:826a:1c00::/39240e:338:1c00::/39
16中国贵州省遵义市汇川区2409:8a6a:1e00::/392409:896a:1e00::/392408:826a:1e00::/39240e:338:1e00::/39
17中国贵州省遵义市赤水市2409:8a6a:2000::/392409:896a:2000::/392408:826a:2000::/39240e:338:2000::/39
18中国贵州省遵义市仁怀市2409:8a6a:2200::/392409:896a:2200::/392408:826a:2200::/39240e:338:2200::/39
19中国贵州省遵义市播州区2409:8a6a:2400::/392409:896a:2400::/392408:826a:2400::/39240e:338:2400::/39
20中国贵州省遵义市桐梓县2409:8a6a:2600::/392409:896a:2600::/392408:826a:2600::/39240e:338:2600::/39
21中国贵州省遵义市绥阳县2409:8a6a:2800::/392409:896a:2800::/392408:826a:2800::/39240e:338:2800::/39
22中国贵州省遵义市正安县2409:8a6a:2a00::/392409:896a:2a00::/392408:826a:2a00::/39240e:338:2a00::/39
23中国贵州省遵义市道真县2409:8a6a:2c00::/392409:896a:2c00::/392408:826a:2c00::/39240e:338:2c00::/39
24中国贵州省遵义市务川县2409:8a6a:2e00::/392409:896a:2e00::/392408:826a:2e00::/39240e:338:2e00::/39
25中国贵州省遵义市凤冈县2409:8a6a:3000::/392409:896a:3000::/392408:826a:3000::/39240e:338:3000::/39
26中国贵州省遵义市湄潭县2409:8a6a:3200::/392409:896a:3200::/392408:826a:3200::/39240e:338:3200::/39
27中国贵州省遵义市余庆县2409:8a6a:3400::/392409:896a:3400::/392408:826a:3400::/39240e:338:3400::/39
28中国贵州省遵义市习水县2409:8a6a:3600::/392409:896a:3600::/392408:826a:3600::/39240e:338:3600::/39
29中国贵州省铜仁市碧江区2409:8a6a:3800::/392409:896a:3800::/392408:826a:3800::/39240e:338:3800::/39
30中国贵州省铜仁市万山区2409:8a6a:3a00::/392409:896a:3a00::/392408:826a:3a00::/39240e:338:3a00::/39
31中国贵州省铜仁市江口县2409:8a6a:3c00::/392409:896a:3c00::/392408:826a:3c00::/39240e:338:3c00::/39
32中国贵州省铜仁市玉屏县2409:8a6a:3e00::/392409:896a:3e00::/392408:826a:3e00::/39240e:338:3e00::/39
33中国贵州省铜仁市石阡县2409:8a6a:4000::/392409:896a:4000::/392408:826a:4000::/39240e:338:4000::/39
34中国贵州省铜仁市思南县2409:8a6a:4200::/392409:896a:4200::/392408:826a:4200::/39240e:338:4200::/39
35中国贵州省铜仁市印江县2409:8a6a:4400::/392409:896a:4400::/392408:826a:4400::/39240e:338:4400::/39
36中国贵州省铜仁市德江县2409:8a6a:4600::/392409:896a:4600::/392408:826a:4600::/39240e:338:4600::/39
37中国贵州省铜仁市沿河县2409:8a6a:4800::/392409:896a:4800::/392408:826a:4800::/39240e:338:4800::/39
38中国贵州省铜仁市松桃县2409:8a6a:4a00::/392409:896a:4a00::/392408:826a:4a00::/39240e:338:4a00::/39
39中国贵州省黔西南州兴义市2409:8a6a:4c00::/392409:896a:4c00::/392408:826a:4c00::/39240e:338:4c00::/39
40中国贵州省黔西南州兴仁市2409:8a6a:4e00::/392409:896a:4e00::/392408:826a:4e00::/39240e:338:4e00::/39
41中国贵州省黔西南州普安县2409:8a6a:5000::/392409:896a:5000::/392408:826a:5000::/39240e:338:5000::/39
42中国贵州省黔西南州晴隆县2409:8a6a:5200::/392409:896a:5200::/392408:826a:5200::/39240e:338:5200::/39
43中国贵州省黔西南州贞丰县2409:8a6a:5400::/392409:896a:5400::/392408:826a:5400::/39240e:338:5400::/39
44中国贵州省黔西南州望谟县2409:8a6a:5600::/392409:896a:5600::/392408:826a:5600::/39240e:338:5600::/39
45中国贵州省黔西南州册亨县2409:8a6a:5800::/392409:896a:5800::/392408:826a:5800::/39240e:338:5800::/39
46中国贵州省黔西南州安龙县2409:8a6a:5a00::/392409:896a:5a00::/392408:826a:5a00::/39240e:338:5a00::/39
47中国贵州省毕节市七星关区2409:8a6a:5c00::/392409:896a:5c00::/392408:826a:5c00::/39240e:338:5c00::/39
48中国贵州省毕节市大方县2409:8a6a:5e00::/392409:896a:5e00::/392408:826a:5e00::/39240e:338:5e00::/39
49中国贵州省毕节市黔西县2409:8a6a:6000::/392409:896a:6000::/392408:826a:6000::/39240e:338:6000::/39
50中国贵州省毕节市金沙县2409:8a6a:6200::/392409:896a:6200::/392408:826a:6200::/39240e:338:6200::/39
51中国贵州省毕节市织金县2409:8a6a:6400::/392409:896a:6400::/392408:826a:6400::/39240e:338:6400::/39
52中国贵州省毕节市纳雍县2409:8a6a:6600::/392409:896a:6600::/392408:826a:6600::/39240e:338:6600::/39
53中国贵州省毕节市威宁县2409:8a6a:6800::/392409:896a:6800::/392408:826a:6800::/39240e:338:6800::/39
54中国贵州省毕节市赫章县2409:8a6a:6a00::/392409:896a:6a00::/392408:826a:6a00::/39240e:338:6a00::/39
55中国贵州省安顺市西秀区2409:8a6a:6c00::/392409:896a:6c00::/392408:826a:6c00::/39240e:338:6c00::/39
56中国贵州省安顺市平坝区2409:8a6a:6e00::/392409:896a:6e00::/392408:826a:6e00::/39240e:338:6e00::/39
57中国贵州省安顺市普定县2409:8a6a:7000::/392409:896a:7000::/392408:826a:7000::/39240e:338:7000::/39
58中国贵州省安顺市镇宁县2409:8a6a:7200::/392409:896a:7200::/392408:826a:7200::/39240e:338:7200::/39
59中国贵州省安顺市关岭县2409:8a6a:7400::/392409:896a:7400::/392408:826a:7400::/39240e:338:7400::/39
60中国贵州省安顺市紫云县2409:8a6a:7600::/392409:896a:7600::/392408:826a:7600::/39240e:338:7600::/39
61中国贵州省黔东南州凯里市2409:8a6a:7800::/392409:896a:7800::/392408:826a:7800::/39240e:338:7800::/39
62中国贵州省黔东南州黄平县2409:8a6a:7a00::/392409:896a:7a00::/392408:826a:7a00::/39240e:338:7a00::/39
63中国贵州省黔东南州施秉县2409:8a6a:7c00::/392409:896a:7c00::/392408:826a:7c00::/39240e:338:7c00::/39
64中国贵州省黔东南州三穗县2409:8a6a:7e00::/392409:896a:7e00::/392408:826a:7e00::/39240e:338:7e00::/39
65中国贵州省黔东南州镇远县2409:8a6a:8000::/392409:896a:8000::/392408:826a:8000::/39240e:338:8000::/39
66中国贵州省黔东南州岑巩县2409:8a6a:8200::/392409:896a:8200::/392408:826a:8200::/39240e:338:8200::/39
67中国贵州省黔东南州天柱县2409:8a6a:8400::/392409:896a:8400::/392408:826a:8400::/39240e:338:8400::/39
68中国贵州省黔东南州锦屏县2409:8a6a:8600::/392409:896a:8600::/392408:826a:8600::/39240e:338:8600::/39
69中国贵州省黔东南州剑河县2409:8a6a:8800::/392409:896a:8800::/392408:826a:8800::/39240e:338:8800::/39
70中国贵州省黔东南州台江县2409:8a6a:8a00::/392409:896a:8a00::/392408:826a:8a00::/39240e:338:8a00::/39
71中国贵州省黔东南州黎平县2409:8a6a:8c00::/392409:896a:8c00::/392408:826a:8c00::/39240e:338:8c00::/39
72中国贵州省黔东南州榕江县2409:8a6a:8e00::/392409:896a:8e00::/392408:826a:8e00::/39240e:338:8e00::/39
73中国贵州省黔东南州从江县2409:8a6a:9000::/392409:896a:9000::/392408:826a:9000::/39240e:338:9000::/39
74中国贵州省黔东南州雷山县2409:8a6a:9200::/392409:896a:9200::/392408:826a:9200::/39240e:338:9200::/39
75中国贵州省黔东南州麻江县2409:8a6a:9400::/392409:896a:9400::/392408:826a:9400::/39240e:338:9400::/39
76中国贵州省黔东南州丹寨县2409:8a6a:9600::/392409:896a:9600::/392408:826a:9600::/39240e:338:9600::/39
77中国贵州省黔南州都匀市2409:8a6a:9800::/392409:896a:9800::/392408:826a:9800::/39240e:338:9800::/39
78中国贵州省黔南州福泉市2409:8a6a:9a00::/392409:896a:9a00::/392408:826a:9a00::/39240e:338:9a00::/39
79中国贵州省黔南州荔波县2409:8a6a:9c00::/392409:896a:9c00::/392408:826a:9c00::/39240e:338:9c00::/39
80中国贵州省黔南州贵定县2409:8a6a:9e00::/392409:896a:9e00::/392408:826a:9e00::/39240e:338:9e00::/39
81中国贵州省黔南州瓮安县2409:8a6a:a000::/392409:896a:a000::/392408:826a:a000::/39240e:338:a000::/39
82中国贵州省黔南州独山县2409:8a6a:a200::/392409:896a:a200::/392408:826a:a200::/39240e:338:a200::/39
83中国贵州省黔南州平塘县2409:8a6a:a400::/392409:896a:a400::/392408:826a:a400::/39240e:338:a400::/39
84中国贵州省黔南州罗甸县2409:8a6a:a600::/392409:896a:a600::/392408:826a:a600::/39240e:338:a600::/39
85中国贵州省黔南州长顺县2409:8a6a:a800::/392409:896a:a800::/392408:826a:a800::/39240e:338:a800::/39
86中国贵州省黔南州龙里县2409:8a6a:aa00::/392409:896a:aa00::/392408:826a:aa00::/39240e:338:aa00::/39
87中国贵州省黔南州惠水县2409:8a6a:ac00::/392409:896a:ac00::/392408:826a:ac00::/39240e:338:ac00::/39
88中国贵州省黔南州三都县2409:8a6a:ae00::/392409:896a:ae00::/392408:826a:ae00::/39240e:338:ae00::/39

因页面板书有限,只能展示部分数据,若阁下对本资料感兴趣

可参考资料:

2019上半年中国IPv6市场现状及发展前景

全球五大区域性因特网注册管理机构数据

目前全球IPv4地址分配状态

最新下载:http://ftp.apnic.net/stats/apnic/2020/delegated-apnic-20200101.gz

随着5G产业化进程的加快,工业互联网和物联网的发展,垂直行业和基础电信企业纷纷加大了地址储备。2018年8月,中国石油为推动企业工业互联网发展,申请/20的IPv6地址;2018年12月,中国电信分别申请了/19、/20两段IPv6地址,为5G商用化储备地址;2019年1月和2月,教育网分别申请了/20和/21两段IPv6地址,以满足日益增长的地址需求。